IT@School GNU/Linux 18.04 - Kerala model of open source education
The Kerala State of India has done excellent work by including open-source education in its curriculum. Since 2006, the state is propagating the idea of open source technologies, by replacing many of the proprietary software used in public service sectors. This includes ORUMA Software used by state electricity board, free software migration in Khadi Board, and also the use of free software for IT operations of Kerala Legislative Assembly.
Open Source in Education
Kerala government’s education curriculum includes computer education from the primary school itself. From the beginning itself, students are taught the idea of free software and the need for it. Also, the curriculum teaches the use of open-source software for performing day-to-day activities such as painting, listening to music, watching movies, browsing the internet, preparing office documents, etc. Also, python is part of the curriculum in the 10th standard. Students will be making their utility applications on python in the 10th standard. The inclusion of python will help them to identify their taste in programming from the early stages itself.
The evolution of IT@Schoo GNU/Linux
The idea of developing a custom GNU/Linux distribution was evolved in mid of the 2000s. This concept became a reality in 2006 when the first version of IT@School GNU/Linux was released. The first version of IT@School GNU/Linux was based on Debian and included a set of applications for education. It was developed in collaboration with a private agency. Later, the IT@School wing of the Kerala Education Department took control over this.
In 2008, the first batch completed their 10th standard IT practical public exam in GNU/Linux. Later, there were multiple releases of IT@School with the Ubuntu LTS base. The latest one in this series is IT@School 18.04.
The following section showcases some screenshots captured in IT@School 18.04
01 IT@School 18.04 Desktop02 Application Menu03 Places Menu04 Nautilus File Manager05 Terminal Emulator06 Firefox Browser07 GPeriodic08 Xournal Note taking app09 PySIO Game10 JFraction Lab11 Theeram Dictionary12 Geography Learning assistant13 KStars14 TurtleBlocks - Interactive programming15 Scratch Interactive programming16 Timetable Generator17 Avogadro - Modelling18 Marble Virtual Globe19 IT at School Guide20 The Underlying System21 Control Center22 Backgrounds23 System Menu24 Shutdown confirmation